Types of Cancers

Types of Cancers

Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma

Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma (NPC) is the 3rd most common cancer among Malaysian men and the 4th most common cancer among all Malaysians. The incidence rises with age, particularly between the ages of 50 and 60.



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Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among Malaysian women. About one in 19 women in Malaysia is at risk of breast cancer.



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Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer is the 4th most common cancer among Malaysian men. Very few prostate cancers occur in men under 50 years of age. The rate increases sharply with age and is highest in the oldest age group.



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Colorectal Cancer

Cancers which arise from the large intestine – the colon and rectum, better known as colorectal cancer, is the most common cancer among Malaysian men and second most common among Malaysian women. The age-specific incidence curve rises exponentially after the age of 50 years.



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Head & Neck Cancers

Head and neck cancers include cancers of the nasopharnyx, oral cavity, lips, nose and paranasal sinuses, larynx, oropharynx, hypopharynx, thyroid and salivary glands.



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Gynaecological Cancer

Cancers that start in a woman’s reproductive system are called gynaecological cancers. The treatment you need depends on where the cancer originated.



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Childhood Cancer

The top cancers diagnosed in Malaysia in children below age of 14 years are:

  • Leukaemia
  • Central nervous system (CNS) tumours



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