The “Miniskirt” Tear
The meniscus (remembered as ‘miniskirt’ by some of my patients) is a rubbery, C-shaped cartilage inside the knee joint which provides smooth knee motion, stability and shock absorber effect.
It can be damaged or torn during activities that cause direct hit or pressure from a forced twist. For example, taking a hard tackle on the football field or a sudden turn on the futsal or badminton court. In elderly, as the meniscus ages, it weakens and become less elastic. Hence, even a minor event such as squatting can tear the meniscus. A meniscus tear can produce symptoms of pain, swelling, locking and imbalanced. It is common for a meniscus to injure concomitantly with other structures inside the knee joint such as the ligaments or cartilage.
Diagnosis is confirmed through a detailed history, physical examination, special tests and imaging studies such as the MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging). Arthroscopy (key hole surgery) is the best tool for diagnosis and it can provide immediate treatment if necessary.